Surgical Insemination is performed under anesthesia and a small incision is made into her abdominal cavity. The semen sample is injected directly into the uterus via a catheter. The patient is discharged the same day that the procedure is done. Usually reserved for thawed semen samples, questionable quality semen, and previously infertile females, this technique allows for examination of the uterus itself. For these reasons, we recommend surgical inseminations for bitches over 5 years of age.